Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer in Malaysia and is the easiest gynecological cancer to prevent with regular pap smear tests, HPV vaccinations and follow-ups. We recommend to get yourself vaccinated before you are sexually active and a pap smear test once every 3 years after you turn 20.
Always check with your doctor the risk of cervical cancer and how often you should be checked.
|3D Mammogram with pap smear||RM250|
|3D Mammogram with ultrasound||RM370|
|Ultrasound with clinical breast examination||RM150|
|Breast biopsy (FNAC)|
In this test, a very thin, hollow needle is attached to a syringe to withdraw a small amount of tissue from a suspicious area.
What is Cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer is a malignant tumour found in the tissues of the cervix. It occurs when abnormal cells in the cervix turn into cancer cells. The cancer cells break through the surface cells (epithelium) and into the underlying tissue (stroma) of the cervix.
At diagnosis, the cancer is often just within the cervix, but it may spread to tissues around the cervix (e.g. the vagina) or to other parts of the body.
The main cause of cervical cancer is an infection called human papillomavirus (HPV) where it affects the surface of different body areas, such as the skin, vagina, and cervix.
- The virus is very common and spreads through any sexual contact (including genital skin-to-skin and oral).
- Women with HPV who smoke are at twice the risk of developing cancer than those who don’t smoke.
Any of the following could be signs or symptoms of cancer:
- Blood spots or light bleeding between or following periods
- Menstrual bleeding that is heavier than usual
- Bleeding after menopause
- Bleeding after sexual intercourse
- Increased vaginal discharge
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Unexplained, persistent pelvic and/or back pain
The pap smear test is recommended for all women between the ages of 21 and 65 years old. The pap test will help the doctor to examine the vagina and cervix, and collect a few cells and mucus from the cervix and the area around it.
|Conventional pap smear||RM40|
|Liquid-based cytology pap smear||RM80|
|HPV DNA test||RM250|
|HPV DNA & liquid-based cytology pap smear||RM330|
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are a group of more than 200 related viruses. Each virus in the group is given a number, which is called an HPV type. The HPV vaccine helps to protect against at least HPV type 16 and 18 that cause the greater risk of cervical cancer.
|Cervarix offers protection against two HPV types – 16 and 18.||RM550 for 3 doses|
|Gardasil 4 offers protection against four HPV types – 6, 11, 16, 18||RM750 for 3 doses|
|Gardasil 9 offers protection against nine HPV types – 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58||RM1350 for 3 doses|
Cancer care reaches beyond the confines of our centres. We work closely together with other associations and corporate partners for us to provide free screenings to the underprivileged communities under our Free Community Outreach Programme.
To find out more about the programme, email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Terms and conditions apply.