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 Cancer Screening
Cancer screening

 

  • Cancer screening tests are aimed to detect cancer at early stage, even before signs and symptoms develop
  • Detecting cancer at early stage may have a better treatment outcome
  • Regular screenings are encouraged to reduce your cancer risk, especially the high risk population
  • Ask your doctor about your screening plan based on your cancer risk factors

Screening tests are cancer-specific. Below are some examples of screening tests for each cancer:

  • Breast cancer:
    • Mammogram
    • Ultrasound
  • Cervical cancer:
    • Pap smear / test
    • Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing
  • Colorectal cancer:
    • Fecal occult blood test (FOBT)
    • Colonoscopy
  • Lung cancer:
    • Low-dose computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Prostate cancer:
    • Digital rectal examination (DRE)
    • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test

Risk of cancer screening:

Although screening tests are crucial to detect cancer earlier, however, there are also some risks associated with it.

  • Additional testing
    • Undertake screening tests that are not necessary, of which can be invasive, costly and unnecessarily stressful and worrying.
  • False-positive results
    • Test results that show a person has cancer when it is not
  • False-negative results
    • Test results that show a person does not have cancer when it is.
  • Overdiagnosis
    • Test results that found slow-growing cancer that would not have harmed during a person’s lifetime.

Source:

For cancer information,

1-800-88-1000 | help@cancer.org.my

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